What is a Hydrocephalus

Introduction Of Hydrocephalus :

A disease called hydrocephalus is typified by an overabundance of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain. This fluid accumulation may raise internal skull pressure and result in potentially dangerous consequences. It is essential for people with hydrocephalus and those close to them to comprehend the signs, causes, and available treatments.

Symptoms Of Hydrocephalus :

The severity of the illness and the individual’s age can affect the hydrocephalus symptoms. Common symptoms in babies can include vomiting, an abnormally big head, agitation, and a downward deviation of the eyes, or “sunsetting” of the eyes. Symptoms in older kids and adults could include nausea, headaches, dizziness, trouble walking, vision issues, and cognitive decline.

Causes Of Hydrocephalus :

Hydrocephalus may develop later in life may be congenital, meaning it is present from birth. Genetic predispositions or certain fetal developmental defects can cause congenital hydrocephalus. Trauma, brain tumors, infections (including meningitis), bleeding in the brain (intracranial hemorrhage), and infections can all result in acquired hydrocephalus.

Treatment Options:

Surgery is often required to treat hydrocephalus in order to relieve pressure on the brain and lessen CSF accumulation. A shunt is a tiny tube that is often implanted during surgery to transfer extra fluid from the brain to another area of the body, such the belly, where it can be absorbed. An alternative is a minimally invasive technique called endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV), which establishes a new channel for CSF to exit the brain.

Other procedures may be required to control hydrocephalus-related symptoms and consequences in addition to surgical treatment. People with hydrocephalus can benefit from physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy to enhance their motor skills, cognitive capacities, and general quality of life.

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